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Kawartha Lakes Pregnancy Centre


An KLPC Educational Resource

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Introduction

Sexually transmitted diseases are now an epidemic in North America. Each year it is estimated that 1 in 4 sexually active teenagers become infected with a sexually transmitted disease. It is known that there are more than 25 different sexually transmitted diseases.

Clicking on the individual headings will take you to sites with more information.

Chlamydia


PDF version

This is a bacterial infection and can be treated with antibiotics. It is the most prevalent STD in North America. 80% of women have no symptoms, leaving them at risk for infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. In males, it presents itself in painful urination, genital itch and penal discharge.

Gonorrhea


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This is historically the most common STD. It is a pus-producing bacterial infection. Although it can be treated with antibiotics, 20 % of all strains of gonorrhea are resistant to Penicillin. If left untreated, it can cause blindness and crippling arthritis. It can also cause pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain and infertility. In males, symptoms include: painful urination and thick penal discharge.

Syphilis


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This is a common STD, treatable with antibiotics. Left untreated it will progress from painful genital lesions, to rash and flu-like symptoms and eventually to blindness, brain damage, nervous disorders, tumours and death.

Herpes (HSV - Herpes Simplex Virus)


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It is a virus and cannot be cured. It is painful and can be passed to newborns.

Hepatitis B


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PDF - Hepatitis B and Moms-to-be

This is a highly contagious virus with absolutely no cure. It can cause chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer. It is easily transmitted from mother to newborn. A reliable vaccine for prevention has been developed and is widely recommended.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)


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This is the virus that causes AIDS and at this time, there is no cure. This STD is transmitted by sexual activity, dirty needles and tainted blood. It can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby. The virus attacks the body's immune system, leaving it vulnerable to all kinds of infections and some types of cancers.

HPV (Human Papillomavirus)



HPV is a virus which is not curable and difficult to treat. It presents itself as genital warts. It is often a cause of cervical cancer and can also cause cancer of the penis. In a male, a genital wart can be above the condom line, allowing it to be easily transmitted to a partner. Condoms, therefore, offer little and sometimes no protection. This is the most common STD suffered by teens.

The Medical Institute

The Medical Institute is a nonprofit medical organization founded by Dr. J.S. McIIhaney, a gynecologist concerned about the problems associated with sexually transmitted diseases and nonmarital pregnancy. His web site is located at:

www.medinstitute.org